Individuals who have been struggling with cocaine addiction will typically exhibit a range of behavioral, psychological and physical symptoms. If you believe you or someone close to you might be struggling with a stimulant drug addiction of any type or severity, there are several signs and symptoms to look for.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-V) outlines a list of diagnostic criteria associated with stimulant drug addiction. If you answer “yes” to two or more of the following questions, entering into a treatment program is likely a good idea. However, it is important to note that symptoms of cocaine use disorders vary in severity, and a multi-staged program of recovery is not an ideal option for everyone. Contact us today to learn more about what type of treatment program will best meet your unique, personal needs.
The DSM-V diagnostic criteria for a stimulant cocaine use disorder are outlined below. Ask yourself the following questions when attempting to determine whether or not professional treatment is right for you.
- Do you often use more cocaine than intended for a longer period of time than intended?
- Have you attempted to cut back on the amount of cocaine you take to find yourself unable to cut back or quit for an extended period of time?
- Do you spend a significant amount of time using cocaine and recovering from its effects?
- Are you often consumed by thoughts of using cocaine, or do you experience cravings for your drug of choice throughout the day?
- Does using cocaine or recovering from the effects of excessive stimulant drug use affect your ability to take care of personal responsibilities and obligations?
- Has cocaine use caused issues and interpersonal problems between you and your family and/or friends?
- Have you given up activities you previously enjoyed because of your cocaine use?
- Have you experienced an increase in risk-taking activities as a result of your cocaine use, like combining cocaine with other chemical substances or driving while under the influence of cocaine?
- Have you experienced worsening symptoms of a physical or mental health problem as a direct result of your cocaine use?
- Have you developed a physical tolerance, meaning a larger amount of the drug is required in order for the desired effects to be achieved?
- Do you experience withdrawal symptoms when you stop using cocaine abruptly?
Cocaine use results in a variety of short and long-term effects. The effects produced by cocaine depend on several factors, including the amount being taken, the duration of use, and whether or not cocaine is being combined with other chemical substances.
Common short-term effects of cocaine use include:
- Increased energy levels.
- Positive mood/increased happiness.
- Mental alertness.
- Increased talkativeness and sociability.
- Raised body temperature.
- Rapid heart rate and increased blood pressure.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Tremors or twitching muscles.
Common long-term effects of cocaine use include:
- Respiratory distress.
- Chronic nosebleeds.
- Increased risk of heart disease.
- Higher risk of infections and bloodborne diseases.
- The development of a cocaine use disorder.