Types of Anxiety Disorders
(Information provided by the Anxiety & Depression Association of America Fact Sheet)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder – GAD affects 6.8 million men and women on an annual basis, though less than half of the people suffering from GAD end up seeking any kind of professional treatment. This commonly diagnosed anxiety disorder is characterized by chronic feelings of worry and nervousness. These feelings are rarely instigated by anything specific, and the symptoms of GAD often interfere with a person’s ability to function in day to day life. GAD very frequently co-occurs with depressive disorders like major depressive disorder.
Panic Disorder – Panic disorder affects 6 million American adults on an annual basis, and is characterized by uncontrollable and unpredictable panic attacks. Panic attacks lead to a range of symptoms including shortness of breath, uncontrollable shaking, nausea and increased heart rate. Panic disorder often requires medication (usually benzodiazepines) coupled with intensive individual therapy.
Specific Phobias – Specific phobias affect 19 million American adults, and women are nearly twice as likely to be affected than men. The onset of symptoms commonly begin during childhood and last into adulthood if left untreated. Many people who struggle with a specific phobia also struggle with PTSD or OCD.
Social Anxiety Disorder – Social anxiety affects 15 million adults across the country every single year. This specific anxiety disorder is very likely to go hand-in-hand with substance abuse. Many people who struggle with social anxiety turn to central nervous system depressants in order to alleviate symptoms.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder – Unresolved trauma and addiction are often correlated. PTSD is an anxiety disorder that affects 7.7 million adults on an annual basis, and one that, when left untreated, often leads to substance abuse and dependence.